This photograph is part of series of photographs I took of Loch Lomond in Scotland. The first few photographs show the sun rising from behind the mountains, making the scene look on fire.
The boat and part of the mountains are in silhouette creating a very moody and a clam atmosphere in the scene. This emphasises the scale and the light falling on the Loch and the boat. I used a tripod and colours of the final image were edited in photoshop.
Useful definitions with examples of images (part 1)
Aperture: is the size of the hole in the lens which combined with the shutter speed, controls how much light gets into the camera.
Aperture mode / Aperture Priority: (AV) the mode that automatically calculates the shutter speed when you choose the aperture you want to use.
Camera shake: is when the camera moves as you press the button, causing the image to be blurred.
Close-up / Macro: means close-up photography and is great to photographs of flowers, bugs, shells and other tiny objects.
Composition: arranging objects in the photographs that look pleasing. Also see Rule of Thirds.
Contrast: is the difference between the bright and the dark areas of the photo. High contrast image will show very dark and very light areas in the same photograph.
Normal Image (balanced contrast):
High Contrast Image:
Low Contrast Image:
Cropping: Cutting of the edges of your image, either by moving in closer to the subject or trimming the edges using photo editing software.
Depth of field (DOF): shows the range of components in a scene, front to back that remain sharp. Shallow depth of field makes the objects sharp in the foreground only. Deep DOF makes everything in the image sharp from foreground to the background.
The image below is photographed using Shallow depth of field, using f5.6
The image below is photographed using Deep depth of field, using f16
Exposure: is the amount of light that is allowed to hit the camera sensor. Too much light results in Overexposed images, whereas too little light results in Underexposure of the image.
Street photography is one of my favourite subjects, because its fun and easy to capture the mood and the atmosphere.
Here are a few points to keep in mind when taking the photographs:
The right camera settings on both SLRs and Compact Cameras
If allowed, use a tripod. Keep in mind that many places will not allow the use of tripods.
Plan where to take the High Street photographs.
Time - is it a day time shot, or a night shot.
Think about composition, how to include people in the photograph, leading lines, colour, close-ups etc.
Exposure - if taking photographs at night, it's always best to over and under expose the shot by 0.3. (use this as a guide only, adjust according to your image) Every camera will have a '-+' symbol.
Final finished image — before I take any photographs, I always think about how I want the final finished image to look. If it's going to be in colour, sepia, b/w or do I need to add noise/gain in the final image to create the mood and atmosphere.
Settings for Compact Cameras
Use 'Landscape' Mode (it will give you the maximum depth of field)
Use 'Sunset', 'Fireworks', 'Night' Modes (every camera is different, please check your camera manual to see which mode gives a slow shutter speed. Use these as a guidance only)
Set SLR cameras on either Aperture Mode or Shutter Mode.
Here are some examples of 'Street Photography', all the below photographs have been taken on 'Aperture mode'.